The significance of automation parts in most manufacturing industries is increasing. Industrial robots have replaced people in numerous types of industries. Robots out perform humans in jobs which require precision, speed, endurance and reliability. Robots safely perform dirty and dangerous jobs. Traditional manufacturing robotic applications include material handling (pick and set), assembling, painting, welding, packaging, palletizing, product inspection and testing. Industrial robots are employed inside a diverse array of industries including automotive, electronics, medical, food production, biotech, pharmaceutical and machinery.
The ISO concept of a manipulating industrial robot is “an automatically controlled, reprogrammable, multipurpose manipulator”. Based on the definition it might be fixed in position or mobile for usage in industrial automation applications. These industrial robots are programmable in three or more axes. They may be multi-functional pieces of equipment that may be custom-built and programmed to carry out a selection of operations.
The main great things about industrial robots is that they might be designed to suit industry specific requirements and may work continuously for a long time, consistently meeting high manufacturing quality standards. The economic life time of an industrial robot is roughly 12-16 years. Because of their persistent accuracy industrial robots are getting to be an indispensable part of manufacturing.
Industrial robots are classified into different categories depending on their mechanical structure. The key types of industrial robots are:
Gantry (Cartesian) Robot: These are stationary robots having three aspects of motion. They work from an overhead grid with a rectangular work envelope. These are mainly accustomed to perform ‘pick and place’ actions. Gantry robots have got all their axes higher than the work which makes them also suitable for dispensing applications.
SCARA Robots: (Selectively Compliant Articulated Robot Arm) These robots have 4 axes of motion. They move in a x-y-z coordinated circular work envelope. One can use them for proximity sensor requiring pick and set work, application and assembly operations and handling machine tools.
Articulated robots: An articulated robot has rotary joints. It may have from two to ten or even more interactive joints. Articulated robots are fitted to welding, painting and assembly.
Basic industrial robot designs can be customized with incorporating different peripherals. End effectors, optical systems, and motion controllers are necessary accessories. End effectors are the end-of-arm-tooling (EOAT) attached to robotic arms. Grippers or wrenches that are employed to move or assemble parts are types of end effectors. End effectors are hc03bt and employed to sense and connect to the external environment. The end effectors’ design is determined by the application form requirements of your specific industry. Machine Vision systems are robotic optical systems. These are built-on digital input/output devices and computer networks utilized to control other ha103nc-s such as robotic arms. Machine vision is commonly used for the inspection of manufactured goods such as semiconductor chips. Motion controllers are utilized to move robots and position stages smoothly and accurately with sub-micron repeatability.