Otolaryngology (pronounced oh/toe/lair/in/goll/oh/jee) will be the oldest medical specialty in the usa. Otolaryngologists are physicians trained from the medical and surgical management and treatments for patients with diseases and disorders in the ear, nose, throat (ENT), and related structures from the head and neck. These are commonly referred to as ENT physicians.
Otolaryngologists diagnose and manage diseases of your ears, nose, sinuses, larynx (voice box), mouth, and throat, along with structures of the neck and face.
Hearing loss affects one out of ten North Americans. The unique domain of otolaryngologists is dealing with ear disorders. They can be trained within both the medical and surgical procedures of hearing difficulties, ear infections, balance disorders, ear noise (tinnitus), and a few cranial nerve disorders. Otolaryngologists also manage congenital (birth) disorders of the outer and inner ear.
About 35 million people develop chronic sinusitis each and every year, so that it is just about the most common health complaints in the us. Good care of the nasal cavity and sinuses is one of the primary skills of otolaryngology los angeles. Problems within the nasal area include allergies, smell disorders, polyps, and nasal obstruction caused by a deviated septum.
Communicating (speech and singing) and eating food all involve this vital area. Specific to otolaryngologists is expertise in managing diseases of your throat, larynx (voice box), and the upper aero-intestinal tract or esophagus, including voice and swallowing disorders.
Your head and neck?
This area of the body includes the important functions of sight, smell, hearing, and the appearance of the face area. In the head and neck area, otolaryngologists are trained to treat infections, benign (non-cancerous) and malignant (cancerous) tumors, facial trauma, and deformities from the face. They perform both cosmetic plastic and reconstructive surgery.
Otolaryngologists will be ready to start practicing after completing up to 15 years of college and post-graduate training. To qualify for certification with the American Board of Otolaryngology, an applicant must first complete college (4 years), medical school (four years), and also at least 5 years of specialty training. Next, the physician must pass the American Board of Otolaryngology examination. Additionally, some otolaryngologists pursue a one- or two- year fellowship for further extensive education in one among eight subspecialty areas.
These subspecialty areas are allergy, facial plastic and reconstructive surgery, head and neck, laryngology (throat), otology/neurotology (ears, balance, and tinnitus), pediatric otolaryngology (children), rhinology (nose), and sleep disorders. Some otolaryngologists limit their practices to one of these simple eight areas.
Exactly what are the seven parts of expertise in the area of otolaryngology?
Allergy: treatment by medication, immunotherapy (allergy shots) and avoidance of pollen, dust, mold, food, along with other sensitivities which affect the ear, nose, and throat.
Treating: hay fever, seasonal and perennial rhinitis, chronic sinusitis, laryngitis, sore throat, otitis media, dizziness
Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: cosmetic, functional, and reconstructive surgical treatment of abnormalities of your face and neck and ear.
Treating: deviated septum, rhinoplasty (nose), face lift, cleft palate, drooping eyelids, hair thinning along with other ear deformities.
Head and Neck: cancerous and noncancerous tumors inside the head and neck (nose/sinuses, mouth, throat, voice box and upper esophagus), for example the thyroid and parathyroid.
Treating: lump in the neck or thyroid, cancer in the voice box.
Laryngology: disorders of your throat, including voice and swallowing problems.
Treating: sore throat, hoarseness, swallowing disorder, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), infections and tumors.
Otology/Neurotology: diseases in the ear, including trauma (injury), infection, benign tumors, and nerve pathway disorders, which affect hearing and balance.
Treating: ear infection; swimmer?s ear; hearing difficulties; ear, face, or neck pain; dizziness, ringing within the ears (tinnitus).
Pediatric Otolaryngology: diseases in children with special ENT problems including birth defects of your head and neck and developmental delays.
Treating: ear infection (otitis media), tonsil and adenoid infection, airway problems, asthma and allergy/sinus disease, neck tumors.
Rhinology: disorders from the nose and sinuses.
Treating: sinus disorder, nose bleed, stuffy nose, lack of smell, polyps, tumors.
These specialists change from many physicians in that they are trained in medicine and surgery. Otolaryngologists do not require to refer patients for some other physicians when ear, nose, throat, or head/neck surgical treatment is needed and, therefore, can provide the most appropriate take care of each individual patient. Otolaryngologists are the most suitable physicians to take care of disorders from the ears, nose, throat, and related structures in the head and neck.